is the classroom structured for an pupil on the autistic
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Physical structure refers to the way that we set up and organise
each area of the room, where we place the furniture and materials.
Austistic children may know the details, but not how they
Clear Physical and Visual Boundaries
help the child understand where each area begins and ends. Boundaries help establish context and segments the environment.
This is a well defined area for relaxation.
Minimize Visual and Auditory Boundaries
the child focus on the concept and not the details.
Develop Basic Teaching Areas
Individual workstation (one
(b) Independent workstation
Every autistic child is unique. They range from prodigious speakers to the non-verbal, from
very disruptive to quiet and reserved.
Each child must be assessed on their own merits.
Some will need more physical structure than others.
Here are some examples of children who will
need a high degree of physical structure.
the child who runs with a spade of sand the length of the
room and deposits it in the bookcase.
The child who incessantly goes to the toilet to flush and
turn on the water.
The child who climbs in inappropriate places.
The child who is so distracted by the environment
that he/she cannot focus or stay at one activity.
The child who opens and shuts doors at every opportunity.
The child who constantly tries to leave the room.
The child who is intolerant of others either invading his
space or touching what he considers to be his.
more information on Structured
Teaching go to
University of North Carolina